Important: This is the documentation for a previous version of Feathers.
For the latest documentation please visit docs.feathersjs.com.

Primus

GitHub stars npm version Changelog

$ npm install feathers-primus --save

The feathers-primus module allows to call service methods and receive real-time events via Primus, a universal wrapper for real-time frameworks that supports Engine.IO, WebSockets, Faye, BrowserChannel, SockJS and Socket.IO.

Service method Method event name Real-time event
.find() messages::find -
.get() messages::get -
.create() messages::create messages created
.update() messages::update messages updated
.patch() messages::patch messages patched
.remove() messages::removed messages removed

Important: Primus is also used to call service methods. Using sockets for both, calling methods and receiving real-time events is generally faster than using REST and there is usually no need to use both, REST and Socket.io in the same client application at the same time.

Server

Additionally to feathers-primus your websocket library of choice also has to be installed.

$ npm install ws --save

app.configure(primus(options [, callback]))

Sets up the Primus transport with the given Primus options and optionally calls the callback with the Primus server instance.

Pro tip: Once the server has been started with app.listen() or app.setup(server) the Primus server object is available as app.primus.

const feathers = require('feathers');
const primus = require('feathers-primus');

const app = feathers();

// Set up Primus with SockJS
app.configure(feathers.primus({
  transformer: 'sockjs'
}, function(primus) {
  // Do something with primus object
}));

params.provider

For any service method call made through params.provider will be set to primus. In a hook this can for example be used to prevent external users from making a service method call:

app.service('users').hooks({
  before: {
    remove(hook) {
      // check for if(hook.params.provider) to prevent any external call
      if(hook.params.provider === 'primus') {
        throw new Error('You can not delete a user via Primus');
      }
    }
  }
});

params.query

params.query will contain the query parameters sent from the client.

Important: Only params.query is passed between the server and the client, other parts of params are not. This is for security reasons so that a client can't set things like params.user or the database options. You can always map from params.query to params in a before hook.

Middleware and service parameters

The Primus request object has a feathers property that can be extended with additional service params during authorization:

app.configure(primus({
  transformer: 'sockjs'
}, function(primus) {
  // Do something with primus
  primus.use('todos::create', function(socket, done){
    // Exposing a request property to services and hooks
    socket.request.feathers.referrer = socket.request.referrer;
    done();
  });
}));

app.use('messages', {
  create(data, params, callback) {
    // When called via Primus:
    params.provider // -> primus
    params.user // -> { name: 'David' }
  }
});

Client

The client module in feathers-primus (require('feathers-primus/client')) allows to connect to services exposed through the Primus server via a client socket.

Very important: The examples below assume you are using Feathers either in Node or in the browser with a module loader like Webpack or Browserify. For using Feathers with a <script> tag, AMD modules or with React Native see the client chapter.

Note: A client application can only use a single transport (either REST, Socket.io or Primus). Using two transports in the same client application is normally not necessary.

Loading the Primus client library

In the browser the Primus client library (usually at primus/primus.js) always has to be loaded using a <script> tag:

<script type="text/javascript" src="primus/primus.js"></script>

Important: This will make the Primus object globally available. Module loader options are currently not available.

Client use in NodeJS

In NodeJS a Primus client can be initialized as follows:

const Primus = require('primus');
const Emitter = require('primus-emitter');
const Socket = Primus.createSocket({
  transformer: 'websockets',
  plugin: {
    'emitter': Emitter
  }
});
const socket = new Socket('http://api.feathersjs.com');

primus(socket)

Initialize the Socket.io client using a given socket and the default options.

const feathers = require('feathers');
const primus = require('feathers-primus/client');
const socket = new Primus('http://api.my-feathers-server.com');

const app = feathers();

app.configure(primus(socket));

// Receive real-time events through Socket.io
app.service('messages')
  .on('created', message => console.log('New message created', message));

// Call the `messages` service
app.service('messages').create({
  text: 'A message from a REST client'
});

primus(socket, options)

Initialize the Socket.io client using a given socket and the given options.

Options can be:

  • timeout (default: 5000ms) - The time after which a method call fails and times out. This usually happens when calling a service or service method that does not exist.
const feathers = require('feathers');
const primus = require('feathers-primus/client');
const socket = new Primus('http://api.my-feathers-server.com');

const app = feathers();

app.configure(primus(socket, { timeout: 2000 }));

Changing the socket client timeout

Currently, the only way for clients to determine if a service or service method exists is through a timeout. You can set the timeout either through the option above or on a per-service level by setting the timeout property:

app.service('messages').timeout = 3000;

Direct connection

In the browser, the connection can be established by loading the client from primus/primus.js and instantiating a new Primus instance. Unlike HTTP calls, websockets do not have a cross-origin restriction in the browser so it is possible to connect to any Feathers server.

See the Primus docs for more details.

ProTip: The socket connection URL has to point to the server root which is where Feathers will set up Primus.

<script src="primus/primus.js">
<script>
  var socket = new Primus('http://api.my-feathers-server.com');
</script>

Calling service methods

Service methods can be called by emitting a <servicepath>::<methodname> event with the method parameters. servicepath is the name the service has been registered with (in app.use) without leading or trailing slashes. An optional callback following the function(error, data) Node convention will be called with the result of the method call or any errors that might have occurred.

params will be set as params.query in the service method call. Other service parameters can be set through a Primus middleware.

find

Retrieves a list of all matching resources from the service

primus.send('messages::find', { status: 'read', user: 10 }, (error, data) => {
  console.log('Found all messages', data);
});

Will call messages.find({ query: { status: 'read', user: 10 } }) on the server.

get

Retrieve a single resource from the service.

primus.send('messages::get', 1, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Found message', message);
});

Will call messages.get(1, {}) on the server.

primus.send('messages::get', 1, { fetch: 'all' }, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Found message', message);
});

Will call messages.get(1, { query: { fetch: 'all' } }) on the server.

create

Create a new resource with data which may also be an array.

primus.send('messages::create', {
  "text": "I really have to iron"
}, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Message created', message);
});

Will call messages.create({ "text": "I really have to iron" }, {}) on the server.

primus.send('messages::create', [
  { "text": "I really have to iron" },
  { "text": "Do laundry" }
]);

Will call messages.create on the server with the array.

update

Completely replace a single or multiple resources.

primus.send('messages::update', 2, {
  "text": "I really have to do laundry"
}, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Message updated', message);
});

Will call messages.update(2, { "text": "I really have to do laundry" }, {}) on the server. The id can also be null to update multiple resources:

primus.send('messages::update', null, {
  complete: true
}, { complete: false });

Will call messages.update(null, { "complete": true }, { query: { complete: 'false' } }) on the server.

ProTip: update is normally expected to replace an entire resource which is why the database adapters only support patch for multiple records.

patch

Merge the existing data of a single or multiple resources with the new data.

primus.send('messages::patch', 2, {
  read: true
}, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Patched message', message);
});

Will call messages.patch(2, { "read": true }, {}) on the server. The id can also be null to update multiple resources:

primus.send('messages::patch', null, {
  complete: true
}, {
  complete: false
}, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Patched message', message);
});

Will call messages.patch(null, { complete: true }, { query: { complete: false } }) on the server to change the status for all read messages.

This is supported out of the box by the Feathers database adapters

remove

Remove a single or multiple resources:

primus.send('messages::remove', 2, { cascade: true }, (error, message) => {
  console.log('Removed a message', message);
});

Will call messages.remove(2, { query: { cascade: true } }) on the server. The id can also be null to remove multiple resources:

primus.send('messages::remove', null, { read: true });

Will call messages.remove(null, { query: { read: 'true' } }) on the server to delete all read messages.

Listening to events

Listening to service events allows real-time behaviour in an application. Service events are sent to the socket in the form of servicepath eventname.

created

The created event will be published with the callback data when a service create returns successfully.

primus.on('messages created', function(message) {
  console.log('Got a new Message!', message);
});

updated, patched

The updated and patched events will be published with the callback data when a service update or patch method calls back successfully.

primus.on('my/messages updated', function(message) {
  console.log('Got an updated Message!', message);
});

primus.send('my/messages::update', 1, {
  text: 'Updated text'
}, {}, function(error, callback) {
 // Do something here
});

removed

The removed event will be published with the callback data when a service remove calls back successfully.

primus.on('messages removed', function(message) {
  // Remove element showing the Message from the page
  $('#message-' + message.id).remove();
});

results matching ""

    No results matching ""